Healthcare and Life Sciences: Understanding the Difference

A doctor taking a patient’s temperature—a healthcare conceptual image.

Both healthcare and the life sciences are vast industries, each of which encompasses several scientific disciplines and fields of study. Despite the fact that many people tend to confuse them—or may not have even realized one or the other existed—there are fundamental differences between the two industries.

In this piece, we’re going to go over both of these important scientific fields and highlight their differences. Take a look.


Healthcare refers to the improvement or maintenance of health via the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, recovery, or cure of injury, illness, disease, and other physical and mental impairments in people.

Healthcare is delivered by health professionals who specialize in allied health fields. Healthcare includes the work done in primary, secondary, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. It is a large industry that encompasses a broad range of disciplines and fields, including the following.

  • Kinesiology

  • Laboratory medicine

  • Gynecology

  • Otolaryngology

  • Pathology

  • Angiology

  • Ophthalmology

  • Dentistry

  • Family medicine

  • General practice

  • Surgery

  • Critical care medicine

  • Gastroenterology

  • Infectious disease

  • Pulmonology

  • Veterinary medicine

  • Audiology

  • Splanchnology

  • Pediatrics

  • Medical physics

  • Urology

  • Bariatrics

  • Rheumatology

  • Oncology

  • Dermatology

  • Pharmacology

  • Nephrology

  • Anesthesiology

  • Hematology

  • Psychiatry

  • Geriatrics

  • Emergency medicine

  • Radiology

  • Endocrinology

  • Hepatology

  • Cardiology

  • Orthopedics

  • Neurology

A scientist pipetting a solution—a life sciences conceptual image.

Life Sciences

Generally speaking, the life sciences are a broad range of scientific disciplines and fields that study living organisms—microorganisms, animals, plants, and human beings—and life processes. The life sciences are one of the two major branches of natural science, the other being physical science. The life sciences encompass the following disciplines and fields:

  • Biology

  • Environmental Sciences

  • Biomedical Imaging

  • Agrotechnology

  • Biotechnology

  • Neuroscience

  • Biocontrol

  • Molecular Biology

  • Biochemistry

  • Biomaterials

  • Food Sciences

  • Bioengineering

  • Tissue Engineering

  • Biomonitoring

  • Biomedical Systems

  • Genetics and Genomics

  • Biomolecular Engineering

  • Nanotechnology

  • Biophysics

  • Ecology

  • Plant Science

  • Biomedical Engineering

  • Biodynamics

  • Biotechnology

  • Proteome and Proteomics

  • Smart BioPolymers

  • Cell Biology

  • Bioinformatics and biocomputing

  • Medical Imaging Techniques

  • Animal Science

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We are also at the front and center of the COVID-19 battle and are using their resources to minimize transmission and support front line healthcare and essential personnel. MediSci offers quick and accurate COVID-19 PCR and anti-body testing to identify potentially infected individuals and prevent the spread of infection. We also use the EPA-approved GTech Clean surface disinfectant and deodorizer that kills SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) and 99.9% of viruses, bacteria, mildew, and mold. It is a must-use of face masks.

Call us today to learn more about our patient app and remote healthcare and monitoring solutions.